Mental Health and Addiction Statistics
Prevalence and Incidence
- – 1 in 5 Canadians will experience a mental illness in their lifetime. The remaining 4 will have a friend, family member or colleague who will.
- – Mental illness affects thinking, mood or behaviour and can be associated with distress and/or impairment of functioning, with symptoms that vary from mild to severe.
- – About 20% of people with a mental disorder have a co-occurring substance use problem.
- – Schizophrenia affects 1%, major depression impacts 8% and anxiety disorder 12% of people.
- – 1 in 10 Canadians 15 years of age and over report symptoms consistent with alcohol or illicit drug dependence.
- – 3.8% of adults in Ontario are classified as having moderate or severe gambling problems.
Know the Signs
Many children and youth will exhibit some of the following characteristics and behaviours at various times during normal childhood development.
- – getting significantly lower marks in school
- – avoiding friends and family
- – having frequent outbursts of anger and rage
- – losing his or her appetite
- – having difficulty sleeping
- – rebelling against authority
- – drinking a lot and/or using drugs
- – not doing the things he or she used to enjoy
- – damaging other people’s property
- – worrying constantly
- – experiencing frequent mood swings
- – not concerned with his or her appearance
- – obsessed with his or her weight
- – lacking energy or motivation
- – hitting or bullying other children
- – attempting to injure him or her self
But these characteristics and behaviours may be signs of an underlying mental health disorder if they:
- – are intense
- – persist over long periods of time
- – are inappropriate for the child’s age
- – interfere with the child’s life.
Children and youth with the most serious mental health disorders, such as severe psychosis or schizophrenia may exhibit:
- – distorted thinking
- – excessive anxiety
- – odd body movements
- – abnormal mood swings
- – acting overly suspicious of others
- – seeing or hearing things that others don’t see or hear